In addition to heroes, gods and exciting adventures, Greek mythology is also a treasure trove of creatures or monsters such as Dracaenae, Onocentaur, Serastes…
There are many mythical creatures familiar to us today that are derived from Greek mythology such as vampires, centaurs, sphinxes… Even some characters have become an endless source of inspiration for the creation. creative in many fields such as Medusa, Pegasus and Minotaur.
These mythical creatures are known and recounted thanks to rich literary sources as well as archaeological evidence. However, it is certain that we still miss many strange creatures in Greek mythology.
Mermaids with the shape of half man and half fish are well known, as they are very popular in popular culture. But what about dracaenae?
Dracaenae is a creature in Greek mythology. The upper body of the dracaenae is a beautiful woman and the lower body is a hideous dragon. The most famous Dracaenae is probably Kampe, who has been tasked with guarding the gates of Tartaros. Kampe is quite scary, she is depicted with the body of a dragon, a tail of a scorpion that can inject deadly venom, around Kampe’s legs are hundreds of snakes, the head of fifty bear-like beasts like no other. For example, around her waist were wolves and a large pair of black wings.
This mythical bird is best known for the sixth feat of Herakles, they have a very scary sound. Their name comes from the place where they live – a real swamp in Stymphalia. Legend has it that this bird eats people with blades like metal feathers that they can launch towards their target. Their beaks are copper and their droppings are poisonous.
Cerastes, meaning “horned”, is a type of python in Greek legend. It is said to be completely boneless but only has a pair of large horns, similar to sheep’s horns. Leonardo Da Vinci wrote about cerastes and described them as lurking predators.
It is thought that mythical cerastes were created based on a real animal. Horned snakes, which have horn-like bumps on their eyes and often hunt in ambush, are considered real-life inspiration for this mythical creature. However, horned snakes could not defeat an opponent as large as the legendary cerastes.
The Onocentaur is a less elegant relative of the centaur. Onocentaur is also only half human, but the other half is not a horse but a donkey. Pythagoras and later Aelian both described the onocentaur as a wild, violent, and hard to spot species.
Onocentaur is described as having the hind legs of a donkey while the front half is a bit more complex, it can both use its arms as its front legs when running, and can also be used to carry things if needed.