June 7

What god is Kratos in Greek mythology and strong enough to oppose Zeus?

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In Greek mythology, Kratos is the citadel representing the aspect of divine power. However, is Kratos as strong as invincible as built in some hit games?

Along with the development of the game God of War, Kratos from a small god in Greek mythology was widely known to the mass audience. But how the mythical Kratos is different from the Kratos in the game is something not everyone understands.

In mythology, Kratos is of divine origin, the son of Pallas and Styx. Kratos also has sisters Nike (goddess of victory), Beer (goddess of violence) and Zelus (gods of enthusiasm). The first text to mention Kratos and his siblings is Theogony of Hesiod. They are described as being brought to Zeus by the goddess Styx to join the ranks of the Olympians in the Titanomachy War on the advice of her father, the titan Oceanus. At the beginning of the Olympus dynasty, Zeus was very grateful for the support from Styx. So, to honor Styx and her children, Zeus gave them much favor. Zeus promises that every species that makes an oath must have Styx’s witness, while keeping all four children by his side, allowing them to take on positions that represent some aspect of his power self.

Kratos represents strength, that is why this god has a brutal, callous nature and likes to use violence even when it is not necessary, as in the play Prometheus Bound and Libation Bearers by the playwright Aeschylus describe.

Aeschylus in the play Prometheus Bound described Kratos as a powerful, ferocious henchman who preferred to use fear to oppress others in the service of the reigns of Olympus and Zeus. Kratos and Beer take on the task of bringing Prometheus to the gentle god of blacksmith Hephaestus to force the god to create a chain that binds Prometheus to a rock to punish the crime of stealing fire.

Upon hearing of Hephaestu’s mercy for Prometheus, Kratos constantly mocked the god. However, also in this play, Kratos has lines that show a certain degree of contemplation when he admits that the king of the gods is the one who holds freedom. Some have suggested that Aeschylus described Prometheus’ punishment as an example of punishing the offender as a deterrent. In this sense, Kratos is not excessive when it comes to being cruel to Prometheus, but on the contrary is very suitable for law enforcement.

Another Aeschylus play, Libation Bearers, also mentions Kratos. In this play, Electra asks Kratos, Dike, and Zeus to help his brother Orestes and himself carry out revenge for their father King Agememnon. In addition, Kratos and Beer are both very rare in ancient Greek art.

Since the 18th century, Kratos has been included by many authors and playwrights in their theatrical, opera… In modern popular culture, Kratos has become the inspiration for the character of the same name appearing throughout God of War Рa popular game franchise.


Tags

god of war, kratos, odin


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