May 28

The truth about 8 legendary monsters from a scientific perspective (P.1)

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These are all legendary monsters that everyone once believed they were real, but from a scientific perspective, it’s a different matter.

  1. Giants

Irish people often tell each other stories about giants who were able to create an island just by taking a handful of sand and throwing it out into the sea.

Professor Márta Korbonits said that such old stories have some historical basis. And hard to believe, scientists have found what they’ve been looking for all along. As it turns out, there are many Irish people with the AIP gene mutation.

These mutations are responsible for the excessive height in some people. In the UK, these mutations are very rare (probability about 1 in 2000 people), and in Mid Ulster – Northern Ireland, these mutations are becoming more common (1 in 150).

One of the most famous giants in Ireland was Charles Byrne (1761-1783) when he was 2.2m tall. According to legend, giants are extremely powerful, but in reality, they are not. They often suffer from heart problems, eye problems, and joint pain. Without proper treatment, most of these giants die before the age of 30.

  1. Werewolves

There are very few origins of werewolf legends because their lives are always associated with the forest. However, people have found archaeological ruins and cave paintings of the combination of people and things from ancient times. At that time, people always wanted to become stronger. So, they chose for themselves a summoned beast and took this form.

To go to the battlefield, the warriors choose a powerful summoned beast that is the wolf. Before fighting, they will drink magic potion that affects the nervous system making them think they are invincible wolves.

In addition, belief in the existence of werewolves is supported by the genetic condition hypertonia. It is an abnormal amount of hair growth on the body and face, also known as werewolf syndrome. It was not until 1963 that Dr. Lee Illis gave the name of this disease.

Another psychological disorder is called Lycanthropy. This is a delusion that makes the patient think that he can transform into a species between man and animal. It is also believed that this disorder becomes stronger during different lunar phases.

  1. Vampires

Porphyria is a rare genetic disorder (1 in 200,000 people). If either parent has the condition, their child has a 25% chance of having it. This disease causes a pigment imbalance, and hemoglobin begins to decay by ultraviolet light. People with this disease are greatly affected by sunlight. So the only time they can go out is at night.

In more severe cases, the patient’s tendon is deformed, causing the fingers to constrict. The skin around the lips and gums becomes dry, the front teeth protrude and turn red. So they will look like vampires. In the Middle Ages, people with porphyria were burned by the judgment of the Inquisition.

  1. Dragons

Theory of a connection between dinosaur bones and dragons began in Mongolia. Here, the word “dragon” is found associated with different geographical names. This is because, in some areas of the Gobi desert, anyone can find dinosaur bones because they lie completely on the surface of the Earth. These skeletons are still abundant in this place causing many illegal excavations to take place.

It is an important fact that there are no myths of this kind in Africa because there is no access to dinosaur remnants there. But why do we picture dragons like reptiles with claws and scales? This is explained by the way we see things around us.

Their skeletons resembled the bones of modern lizards, snakes, and crocodiles. If you zoom in a few times these animals, they will look like dragons. Also added that lizards and snakes sometimes have two heads, like some dragons in fantasy or legend.


Tags

creature, legend, monster, science


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