History has seen the journey of civilization and we have seen it through the eyes of history as well. But there are chapters that are less known devastating events.
1. “The Great Storm” 1900
The hurricane that struck Galveston in the 1900s was the deadliest and deadliest natural disaster in American history. The big storm destroyed 7,000 buildings, including 3,636 residential buildings. Nearly 10,000 people lost their homes and between 6,000 and 12,000 people lost their lives.
Winds during the storm were estimated to have reached speeds of up to 230 km/h when it made landfall on September 8. The high tide flooded the entire island.
There are stories that under the impact of a storm, tiles that have peeled off the roof can fly quickly and turn into deadly bullets.
Property damage during the storm was estimated at $20 to $35 million in the 1900s, equivalent to more than a billion dollars in today’s value.
- Second Congo War (1998 – 2003)
The Democratic Republic of the Congo has seen its most devastating conflict since the Second World War. It has even been called the “Second World War in Africa” or the “Great War of Africa”, one of the most devastating events in human history. This conflict began in August 1998 and officially ended in July 2003.
It claimed the lives of more than five million civilians due to famine and deadly epidemic attacks. It is also the largest conflict that has occurred in the history of Africa, where nine African countries have joined together with about 20 armed forces. War broke out due to the arrival of colonial forces during the rule of King Leopold II of Belgium.
Furthermore, this was also the aftermath of the First Congo War and the 1994 Rwandan Genocide.
- “Living Funeral” in Hawaii
In the mid to late 1800s, leprosy became an incurable plague in the Hawaiian Islands. This is considered one of the most horrifying incidents in history. Little was known about the disease during that period. In addition to debilitating effects such as nerve damage, loss of muscle control, blindness, and sores on the skin, it also causes damage to the limbs that cause amputations.
Leprosy, also known as “Hansen’s disease”, and really worried Europeans and Americans at the time. They are disgusted by the image of illness. White missionaries and businessmen living in Hawaii used their connections to the government to criminalize leprosy.
Action to stop the spread of leprosy in 1866 led many infected people to exile. They set up quarantine on the island of Molokai. Sick people have been rounded up, and some have even been captured by bounty hunters.
If a person is declared leprosy, he or she is sent to Kalaupapa to die. Many families here were “broken” because of the quarantine, and they never saw each other again.
- Battle of Attu in World War II
The Battle of Attu was the only land battle of World War II that took place in the United States. The battle took place between US forces and the Japanese Army with intense bloodshed using grenades, samurai swords, and bayonets.
The war took place from May 11 to May 30, 1943 and lasted only a few weeks. But the brutality of this war is something that both Japanese and American soldiers will never forget.
War broke out when Japanese troops invaded the Alaskan island of Attu, where Aleutian tribes had resided for centuries. The Japanese army entered the frozen land of Attu village and shot down the natives there for no reason.
Furthermore, they captured the native Aleutians, treating them like animals in prisoner of war camps. When the war ended, the survivors were returned to their villages, but the war was ravaged and there was nothing left. Now, the villagers of Attu still live scattered in the land of their ancestors, but they are almost on the verge of extinction.