May 19

For the first time, astronomy has evidence to prove the phenomenon of spaghetti – black holes “eat” stars like sucking noodles.

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The stellar matter surrounds the black hole like a dark spool of wool.

For the first time, scientists have discovered long swaths of matter surrounding a supermassive black hole, showing the signature of a star that has just been “Pasted” – the star’s matter is pulled by the force the gravitational pull of the black hole and form a long strip that hangs in the air, like the way we suck a spaghetti in our mouth.

Astronomers believe this effect takes place at the closer side of a star’s black hole. Massive gravity tore apart the glowing objects and then sucked all the stellar matter inside them. Before this time, scientists had no evidence that this event happened.

NASA describes how the Cygnus X-1 black hole “absorbs” a star.

In new research published in March, a team from the Netherlands Space Research Institute (SRON) and experts at Radboud University have discovered for the first time a black hole that ‘Italizes’ the star . Looking at the black hole’s axis of rotation, scientists can see a band of matter swirling around the hole at times like a spool of wool. The team believes that stellar matter flies around the black hole for a while before being sucked in.

This finding is remarkable because a star that has undergone “pasting” isn’t the only matter that flies around a black hole. Astronomers have long observed an “acceleration disk,” a band of matter orbiting a black hole at high speeds, while also emitting heat, x-rays, and gamma rays.

Based on the new data, the study’s author, Giacomo Cannizzaro, asserts that “these bands are so narrow, and they’re not stretched by the Doppler effect, which you would see when you look at a disk. accretion”.

The accretion disk of the black hole is located at the center of the supergiant galaxy Messier 87.

When the material in the accretion disk flies at high speed, they will create a Doppler effect, stretching or contracting electromagnetic waves depending on whether these particles fly closer or away from the observer. (similar to a car honking its horns past you). If this is an accretion disk, the light produced by the part of the accretion disk that is moving away from the point of view will become brighter and brighter, but the new band of matter does not possess this property.

Talk about something that has the ability to “Italize” everything. Supermassive black holes exist in most of the centers of galaxies. They grow over time, and devour matter on their way. Astronomers can detect black holes by observing the x-rays they emit as they “eat” surrounding gas and matter.

Occasionally, there will be an ill-fated star that becomes the prey of a black hole. Bright “spaghetti” are sucked into the massive gravitational field, and when close enough, the star will have to accept its place in the ranking of the Universe food chain.


Tags

black hole, galaxy, Italianized pasta, research, star


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