The discoveries of space science, physics and biology have led many scientists to admit that the universe and life on the planet are part of a grand design. Many scientists are now talking about the Creator, only He can create and design the immense perfection of this Universe. So does the Creator really exist? Professor Monica Grady, of Planetary and Space Sciences, Open University, Australia shared on this issue from the perspective of the laws of physics.
“I still believe in God (I am an atheist now) when I heard the following question at a conference, first posed by Einstein, and was stunned by the elegance and poignancy. of it: ‘If there was a God who created the entire universe and ALL of its physical laws, would God obey God’s own laws? Or can God supersede his own laws, such as traveling faster than the speed of light and thus being able to be in two different places at the same time?’. Can the answer help us prove whether God exists or not or is that where positivist science and religious faith intersect, with NO right answer?” – David Frost, 67 years old, Los Angeles.
I was on lockdown when I received this question and was immediately hooked. It’s no surprise the timing of the question arises – tragic events, such as pandemics, often make us question the existence of God: if there is a benevolent God, why A disaster like this happened again? So the idea that God can be “bound” by the laws of physics – which also govern chemistry and biology and therefore the limits of medical science – is an interesting one to explore. break.
If God can’t break the laws of physics, then He probably won’t be as powerful as you’d expect from a supreme being. But if He can, then why don’t we see any evidence that the laws of physics were ever broken in the universe?
To solve the problem, let’s break it down a bit. First, can God travel faster than light? Let’s look at this problem on the surface. Light travels at approximately 299,500 kilometers per second. In school, we learn that nothing can travel faster than the speed of light – not even the USS Enterprise in Star Trek when its dilithium crystals are maxed out.
But is that true? A few years ago, a group of physicists suggested that particles called tachyons travel faster than the speed of light. Fortunately, their existence as real particles is considered highly unlikely. If they existed, they would have an imaginary mass and the fabric of space and time would become distorted – leading to a violation of causation (and possibly giving God a headache).
It seems that, to date, no object has been observed that can travel faster than the speed of light. This in itself does not say anything about God. It just reinforces the knowledge that light actually travels very quickly.
The universe is continuing to expand
Things get a little more interesting when you consider how far the light has traveled since the beginning. Assuming there is a Big Bang as per the old cosmology and the speed of light is 3 x 10 to the 5 km/s, then we can calculate that light has traveled about 10 to 23 km in 13 8 billion years of existence of the universe. Or rather, the existence of the observable universe.
The universe is expanding at a rate of approximately 70km/s per Mpc (1 Mpc = 1 Megaparsec equals 30 billion billion km), so current estimates suggest that the distance to the edge of the universe is 46 billion light years. . As time goes on, the volume of space increases and light has to travel longer to reach us.
There are many universes out there that we can observe, but the most distant object we have ever seen is a galaxy, GN-z11, as observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. This distance is approximately 10 to the power of 23 km or 13.4 billion light-years, which means it takes 13.4 billion light-years from the galaxy to reach us. But when the light started moving, the galaxy was only about 3 billion light-years away from our own galaxy, the Milky Way.
We cannot observe or see the entire universe that has evolved since the Big Bang because there is not enough time for light from the first fraction of a second to reach us. Some argue that we cannot be sure whether the laws of physics can be broken in other regions of the universe – perhaps they are just random, local laws. And that leads us to something bigger than the Universe.
Many cosmologists believe that the universe may be part of a larger universe, a multiverse where many different universes coexist but do not interact. The idea of a multiverse is underpinned by the expanding universe theory – the idea that the universe expanded greatly before it was 10 to 32 seconds old. The expanding universe is an important theory because it can explain why the universe has the shape and structure we see around us.
But if the universe can expand once, why can’t it happen many times? We know from experiments that quantum oscillations can give rise to pairs of particles that suddenly appear, only to disappear moments later. And if such oscillations can produce particles, why not an entire atom or universe? It has been suggested that, during turbulent expansions, not everything happens at the same rate – quantum fluctuations during the expansion can cause the bubble to explode to become the universe in time. their true meaning.
But how does God fit into the multiverse? A headache for cosmologists is that our universe seems to have been fine-tuned for life to exist. The elementary particles produced in the big bang have the precise properties to allow the formation of hydrogen and deuterium – the substances that make up the first stars.
The laws of physics that govern the nuclear reaction in these stars then gave rise to the things from which life was made – carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. So why do all the laws and physical parameters in the universe have values that allow stars, planets, and ultimately life to flourish?
Some thought it was just a lucky coincidence. Others say we shouldn’t be surprised to find the laws of physics are bio-friendly – they made us after all, so what else do we see? Some theists, however, argue that it indicates the existence of a God who created these favorable conditions.
But God is not a valid scientific explanation. Instead, the theory of the multiverse solves the mystery because it allows different universes to have different physical laws. So it’s no surprise that we happen to find ourselves in one of the few universes that could support life. Of course, you can’t refute the idea that a single God could have created the multiverse.
All are hypothetical, and one of the biggest criticisms of theories about the multiverse is that because there seems to be no interaction between our universe and other universes, the concept of of the multiverse cannot be directly tested. Quantum weirdness
Now, let’s consider whether God can be in more than one place at the same time. Much of the science and technology we use in space science is based on the counterintuitive theory of the tiny world of atoms and particles known as quantum mechanics.
The theory allows for something called quantum entanglement: particles that connect in a spooky way. If two particles are entangled, you automatically manipulate the partner of a particle when you manipulate that particle, even if they are very far apart and there is no interaction between the two particles. There are much better descriptions of quantum entanglement that I give here – but this is simple enough for me to follow.
Imagine a particle decaying into two sub-particles, A and B. The properties of the sub-particles must add up to the properties of the original particle – this is the conservation principle. For example, all particles have a quantum property called ‘rotation’ – roughly speaking, they move as if they were tiny compass needles. If the original particle has a ‘rotation’ of 0, one of the two daughter particles must have a positive ‘rotation’ and the other a negative, this means that each particle A and B has a 50% chance of having a positive rotation or minus. (In quantum mechanics, by definition, particles stay in a mixture of different states until they are actually measured.)
The properties of A and B are not independent of each other – they are intertwined – even if they are in separate laboratories on separate planets. If you measure the rotation of A and it is a positive number, then imagine another person measuring the rotation of B at the same time. To be true to the conservation principle, the measured B must be negative.
But – and this is where things get ambiguous – like subparticle A, subparticle B has a positive probability of 50:50, so its spin state ‘became’ negative the moment A’s state ‘became’ negative. measured as positive. In other words, information about the spin state is transferred between the two subparticles instantaneously. Such quantum information transfer obviously occurs faster than the speed of light. Given that Einstein himself described quantum entanglement as “spooky action at a distance”, I think we can all forgive the discovery of this rather strange effect.
So there is something faster than the speed of light: quantum information. This doesn’t prove or disprove God, but it can help us think about God in physical terms – maybe like a shower of entangled particles, transferring quantum information back and forth, and like so occupy many places at the same time? Even multiple universes at once?
I have this image of God keeping galaxy-sized disks spinning while juggling planet-sized balls – tossing bits of information from one universe to another, to keep things moving. motion. Fortunately, God can multitask – keeping the structure of space and time working. All it takes is a little faith.
Is this essay close to answering the questions posed? I suspect not: if you believe in God (like I do), then the idea of God being bound by the laws of physics makes no sense, because God can do everything, even go faster. the light. If you do not believe in God, this question is equally absurd, because there is no God and nothing can travel faster than light. Perhaps this question is really a question for agronomists who don’t know if there is a God.
This is really where science and religion differ. Science requires proof, while religion requires belief. Scientists do not try to prove or disprove the existence of God because they know that there is no single test that can detect God. And if you believe in God, it doesn’t matter what scientists discover about the universe – any universe can be seen as fitting for God.
Our view of God, physics or anything else ultimately depends on conception. Concepts are formed from each person’s experience and knowledge. People who believe in God always lead a life that follows the principles of the Universe, adhere to the ultimate moral values, and they increasingly approach God.